Categories
Energy

Dow Chemicals is finally penning a deal with the First Solar PV Project

First Solar is transitioning the Western Hemisphere’s largest petrochemical site into a solar project spanning over 15 years. The agreement is a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with Dow Chemicals for its Gulf Coast operations. The deal involves First Solar supplying Dow Chemicals with renewable power from the 200-Mwac Horizon Solar project in Texas. The Series 6 PV modules will be powering the project during the transition. These modules are the engineering of ENGAGE PV Polyolefin Elastomers, which case the films for steady performance and efficiency. 

Dow’s business director for Energy and Climate Change Edward Stones says that this contract will strengthen their partnership with First Solar. First Solar utilizes ENGAGE PV polyolefin elastomers of Dow due to their reliability, and in return, First Solar powers Dow’s operations in Texas with 750 MW of electricity. 

The life cycle of the Series 6 modules is longer when they use Dow’s elastomers compared to the standard silicon PV panels. So far, they can minimize the intensity of water in use by 64% since 2009. One essential technique for this improvement is recycling water from the purification runway into the water container. They are now able to save tonnes of water they would have needed to replace the used one. 

The senior director of Corporate Renewables at First Solar, Karl Brutsaert, congratulates Dow for the historic 123 years that they have been inventing a range of vital products for their firm’s growth. He says that they are happy to boost Dow towards achieving its renewable energy objectives as a decisive retaliation. 

This deal is valuable since Dow responds to energy from the PV technology to minimize carbon and water footprints that are alarming in other techniques. Karl asserts that the agreement boosts the nation’s electricity grid with the maximum solar capacity. Dow Chemicals is happy that this PPA deal can help supply electricity to over 25000 homes in Texas city daily. The project is a tick for most Americans since it will also create 350 employment opportunities all through the construction process. This electricity will also help develop local businesses in Texas. 

Finally, First Solar is embarking on income-generating tasks for various employees. For instance, the extension of the Series 6 modules to meet the citizens’ increasing power needs creates additional employment opportunities. The success of First Solar is attributable to its mind of solving problems for the citizens. 

Categories
Energy

Double-sided Solar Panels Prove More Effective

The renewable energy sector is continuously expanding. While the development has grown bounds over the last few years, a discovery will change the industry by a more significant margin. According to information researchers working on developing renewable technologies have come up with a double-sided solar panel system

A look into the current power supply from solar panels shows that energy generation ranges between 15 and 25%. This discovery allows solar panels to be 30% more efficient. Conventional solar panels can only generate power from one side. However, a double-sided solar panel enables increased capacity to draw energy from two faces that face opposite directions. 

Previous entries in photovoltaic cells looked to bring different methods of energy generation. However, this entry is a shift in standard research by improving the current implementation of solar panel designs. These designs implement the use of reflected sun rays from the ground to generate electricity 

Researchers from the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore also developed a system that takes advantage of global positioning and weather monitoring from NASA’s orbit based satellites to tilt the solar panels into the best possible position to generate electricity. 

This system combines information from weather monitoring systems and double-sided panels to provide 35% more efficiency. The discovery is a milestone for the SERIS team lead by Rodriguez Gallegos; the new technological discovery holds promise to reduce energy generation costs by 16% 

According to Rodriguez, the system is likely to see further improvement in the coming years. The SERIS team hopes to integrate a bifacial tracking system into the panels. However, Rodriguez accepts that the project will not begin production for some time. He says that the exact effect of the solar panel will be known when it reaches the market. The project is currently underway, and the team hopes to begin mass production soon 

The solar industry still has several issues to solve. The most important one is the concern whether worn out solar panels can be used for different products or recycled. The as the industry stands there is no way to recycle worn-out panels, and old ones need to be disposed 

However, using this discovery, solar panels will be capable of providing more power output. This new technique will help ensure that the solar panels have a better chance of generating power in their lifetime. The solar panel is expected to be in the market soon enough and holds great promise for the renewable energy industry 

Categories
Energy

New bifacial Solar Panels that follow the sun are the new efficient devices

The latest high-tech devices in the renewable energy sector are double-sided or bifacial solar panels. In the journal called Joule, researchers say that the two sides trap sunlight, and the axis separating them enhances the tilting of the panels so that they can fetch most of the sun rays. The researchers identify that with this equipment, it is possible to collect 30% more solar energy than the stationary single panel solar systems.

Carlos Rodríguez-Gallegos, one of the researchers at the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, notes that the new panels are effective in solar energy collection even with changing weather patterns. He says that the bifacial solar panel will dominate the solar energy sector in the coming years.

The researchers further reiterate that it is possible to enhance energy output from the device by increasing the cell efficiency of the solar panels. They add that these panels can fit in the same place as the current conventional solar devices. The new panel face and tilting effect of the solar panel permits the significant collection of solar energy the entire day. The new challenge is that there’s yet to be a full traverse and implementation of this technology.

To understand the cost-effectiveness of using these new bifacial solar panel technologies, Carlos and his associates have put this equipment to test at Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) of NASA to estimate the average radiation that reaches the earth surface daily.  Further inquiries are underway to understand the impact of the sun’s position on the quantity of radiation the panels can receive. Their research also accounts for a shift in weather patterns.

The research shows that the bifacial panels are economical, and an even better version is the bifacial panel with dual-axis trackers though expensive. The latter is commendatory near the poles. However, such photovoltaic systems require more scrutiny before their production and use. Rodríguez-Gallegos reports that there is proof of bifacial panels’ reliability with their subsequent application in field operations.

In conclusion, Rodríguez-Gallegos and his colleagues’ next move is to study the solar cells that are cheaper than the current silicon-based ones. They also hope to aim for efficiency in attracting more users. Gallegos says that with more research, the cost of manufacturing materials will drop to meet competition. They aim to spearhead the research and lead the various stakeholders in this technology. They are, therefore, open to critic and advice from scientists.

Categories
Space

Artificial Intelligence and Satellite Imagery for Wildfire Disaster Management

The use of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in disaster management seeks to help in mitigation wildfires cases. The decision to use these technologies is a move to reduce the devastating effect of wildfires on wildlife and vegetation cover. 

Recent reports show that wildfires in the U.S. are severely destructive because of the rise in global temperatures and changes in weather patterns. Wildfires are natural occurrences, but they become unpredictable and uncontrollable during hot and dry seasons. With this regard, researchers in Stanford plan to use machine learning and satellite imagery to track and predict at-risk areas. 

Tests for the susceptibility of forests and scrublands are still conducted manually by sampling branches and foliage to determine their water content. This method is accurate and reliable but becomes labor-intensive and unsuitable for scaling. 

All hope is not lost because sources of data are becoming more and more available than before. Sentinel and Landsat satellites are European space agencies that aim to create an accumulative store for imagery of the Earth’s surface. These satellite images are to be keenly analyzed to provide a secondary source of information for wildfire risk assessment. This move intends to reduce splinters and other injuries.

Earlier attempts to implement Earth observation from orbital imagery majorly depended on visual measurement, which is site-specific. The method of analysis differed based on the location. The team at Stanford plans to leverage Sentinel satellites’ synthetic aperture radar that can penetrate forest canopy and take images of the surface. 

During a press release, Alexandra Konings said that their latest satellites use longer wavelengths, which help observations to be sensitive to water in the forest canopy. He explained that this aims to be a direct representation of the fuel moisture content. Alexandra Konings is a senior author of the paper, Stanford Ecoydrologist. 

The team at Stanford plans to use imagery captured regularly since 2016 and manual measurements made by the U.S. Forest Service, in a machine learning model. This plan allows the model to understand the relationship between specific features of the imagery and the ground-truth measurements.

The team intends to test the resulting Artificial Intelligence program to predict old data for which the answers exist. They plan to give the model up-to-date data to make predictions about future wildfire seasons. With the successful launch of the Artificial Intelligence ‘agent’, authorities can make informed decisions about safety warnings and susceptibility of areas.

Categories
Space

A new down in the renewable industry as double solar panels arrive

Double layered photovoltaic panels gathering light on each side and tracking the direction of the sunlight generate more electricity than conventional systems by a sixth. Many other solar panels are fastened to one location all over the globe and cannot adjust to the sun’s place in the skies. The study was thus centered earlier on how these structures can be made more effective rather than on how the power generated can be doubled in other cases. 

Scientists at Singapore’s Solar Energy Research Institute (SERIS) looked at solar panels that can transform solar energy from sunlight from both ends. Light on the floor can further optimization to generate power on the edge of frames, not oriented to the sunlight. The researchers also considered an innovation that utilizes NASA’s worldwide meteorological data to rotate the panels so that they can get the optimum sunlight all day.

Carlos Rodrigez-Gallegos and his SERIS group discovered that power generation could be improved by 35%, by assembling information from dual-sided panels with sun-tracking innovation. In contrast to increases in energy generated, the value of energy may also decrease by an estimate of 16%. “An ever-greater proof of bifacial technologies and monitoring is accurate, and we are seeing it being introduced more and more in the area,” states Rodríguez-Gallegos in the Joule report. “There is always room for changes, so the experience would have to demonstrate if the benefits we find cause technicians to shift.”

Switching hundreds of thousands of already deployed structures into this cheaper, better option could have unintentional environmental impacts. Upon removal of solar panels, dangerous compounds are released, and there are not many useful components that would promote reuse. The Electric Power Research Institute indicated that, before sufficient recycling infrastructure became accessible, lengthy-term storage of outdated solar panels became possibly the only way to cope with this pollution. Solar panels generally incorporate longevity of 25 years and are therefore not sufficiently recovered of the troubles relating to the way they encounter disposal.

The SolarPower Europe Group reports that conservation will be one of the central principles of every clean-energy procedure employed by the EU and should be broadly approved all across Europe. The EU is exploring multiple alternatives for legislation to support solar panel pollutants as per Raffaele Rossi from SolarPower Europe. “It is important,” he said, “to follow a shuttering of the development cycle” that promotes the new European Circular Economic implementation plan.

Categories
Space

The recent satellite information sets to make forecasts on regards to wildfire fuels

As some regions of the U.S government such as California proceed into a period of fire events during the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers are bringing together artificial intelligence and recent satellite information to assist in forecasting fires throughout the area
Information is required about how greatly plants that can be burned down quickly may be existent on land and its level of aridness, and this is done to expect where blazes are likely to occur and how much further it can spread in those regions, this task of collecting the data has proven to be hard which can help the fire-fighters manage the spread of fire
Scientists who have expertise in hydrology have come up with a more significant understanding model that draws moist energy levels in precise detail throughout the western states such as Texas and Montana. The scientist define their methodology in the Remote Sensing Environment, and this could significantly advance fire research
Krishna Rao, a PhD student and a writer from the University of Stanford, wrote that the model needed to undergo more experiments to conclude on how to manage wildfire events that place lives and valuable properties at risk, he further wrote that this methodology could help disclose regions that are prone to considerable danger and it could help as well to map out significant locations for suggested burns.

The task comes at a period of developing an urgency of this sort, as the weather variation spreads and deepens towards the wildfire period, this also comes a time when the coronavirus is at its peak. It is making efforts difficult to stop great fires through burns that are controlled, and getting ready for evacuation and assembling first responders.
This recent model utilizes something dubbed as a recurrent neural network, and it is an intelligence system that is artificial that can spot patterns in massive mountains of information. The researchers skilled their model using field information that is inside the National Fuel Moisture Database. They then placed it to task approximating fuel moist from the measurements gathered by space-borne sensors, one of the analyses involved a visible light that was beaming off the earth while the other one was measuring the reoccurrence of the microwave radar signals which can infiltrate through branches that are leafy up to the surface of the ground.
The scientists fed it with information for three years to train it and certify it as well across the regions in America west, it was also tested for moist fuel predictions when the synthetic aperture radar was made available across the land covers and the measurements corresponded with the National Fuel Moisture Database.

Categories
Space

Sunshades to be put in all satellites belonging to Starlink by SpaceX

SpaceX has opted to put shades on the satellites belonging to future Starlink to minimize the outcome on space science, having decided on a set enactment of the reflective hardware

The acting vice president of SpaceX Patricia Cooper who is also in charge of satellite government relations highlighted that on 26th May this year that SpaceX has a maximum figure of eighty satellites on its custody and it is getting ready to launch depending on the up-to-date strategy before recurrently integrating sunshades that prevent light mainly from the sun from contacting the surfaces of the satellites that are reflective

He further highlighted that they would have almost five hundred satellites being put at their present glare and the other satellites above that would be incorporated with the sunshades. Also in an interview presented by the American Astronomical Society and the Satellite Industry Association Patricia Cooper went further and clarified that that was the ratio they were hoping for

On the other hand, since two years have passed up to now, SpaceX has decided to launch four hundred and twenty-two satellites owned by the Starlink with two prototypes inclusive. The corporation is constructing and launching an original set of approximately four thousand and four hundred satellites. However, supervisory filings show that the corporation could develop Starlink to twelve thousand satellites or even more.

The VisorSat, which is also SpaceX’s first satellite, which is fitted out with a visor, was postponed because of the Tropical Storm Arthur till after the company awaited team demo two mission which was programmed for 27th May. Patricia Cooper quoted that SpaceX is on the verge of pronouncing the exact dates of Starlink’s next task.

SpaceX is launching the satellites in sets of sixty on rockets dubbed as Falcon in a level that would propose two or more launches would happen without the satellites customarily fitted out with sunshades. Patricia Cooper highlighted that SpaceX would withdraw the satellites more rapidly to minimize their effect on space science

He further went and highlighted again that the satellites which were previously launched were not anticipated to finish a life span of five years and they were also anticipating that it would plunge through the VisorSat moderation at the level they were launching

The chief scientist of Rubin Observatory Tony Tyson also quoted that the satellites level of brightness needed to be reduced to the desired magnitude so that the astronomers can operate efficiently using image processing, he further said that a surveillance displays satellites at a scope of five

Categories
Space

SpaceX crewed spacecraft successfully launches into space

SpaceX created headlines yesterday by launching into space on its spaceship Crew Dragon with a Falcon 9 spacecraft from NASA cosmonauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken. The flight, called ‘Demo-2,’ is the last test project in the SpaceX’s Dragon mission and Falcon 9 personnel evaluation phase, therefore, the flight spacecraft can be approved for operating missions after the task is finished for the routine travel of individuals to the moon. The launch was the second effort to deploy due to the environmental factors following an initial test the previous Wednesday. 

The launch presents the first-moment people have moved on a SpaceX ship. Till now, SpaceX has successfully launched several spacecraft cargoes to space with its Falcon 9 and the Falcon Heavy Rockets, but Behnken and Hurley were the first individuals to undertake a commercial airline journey. SpaceX has now safely deployed the first stage launcher from Falcon 9, the first commercial spaceship rocket ever to be transported to earth orbit by human astronomers. 

NASA developed a space system for the industrial astronaut to promote private launch system production. In turn, the government will then be willing to service corporate consumers and cover the overall expense of operation. SpaceX all placed grand prize packages on the agreements of Commercial Crews and consequently adjusted human space vehicles. However, after Boeing had experienced a few unforeseen delays in their previous un-crewed protest flight, SpaceX is the first to launch individuals on their spacecraft.

On the other hand, It has been many years since an astronaut took a new launch system from the United States, although this is the first instance since the Space Shuttle program was formally withdrawn in its start in 2011. The U.S. capability also ensures that NASA apparently won’t have to focus solely on Russia’s  Soyuz rocket for delivering the cosmonauts to the International Space Station (ISS). – the move may lead to significant savings above $30 million in every crew member in a single flight.

After the mechanical check, the Crew Dragon retakes operation and travels the full distance to the ISS, and afterward sits on the base with the entrance hatch. Based on NASA’s assessment of how far the task will run, Behnken and Hurley must then travel to the station where they are expected to live from 6 to 16 weeks. Additionally,   It is also contingent on the needs of the ISS personnel because presently, only a single U.S. astronaut is operating. Therefore, the research mission management of Hurley and Behnken must be delegated.

Categories
Space

U.S. Army Contract with SpaceX to evaluate Starlink broadband

The U.S. Army is navigating through the SpaceX program to analyze their effectiveness in delivering military data. A contract is already in place to initialize this move as of May 20th. Therefore the Army has a three-year deal to use Starlink’s constellation. 

SpaceNews has it that the Army and SpaceX are in a contractual agreement known as CRADA. CRADA stands for Cooperative Research and Development Agreement. The contract is to ensure the efficient transmission of military information from one naval station to another.

The contract is a test by the U.S. Army to determine the technology and payloads in this commercial firm. The military hopes that the firm will prove valuable so they can buy them for their military operations. The Army is trying to acclimatize itself with Starlink’s internet provision and delivery of marine research. The Army is assessing the technical know-how of SpaceX to handle military activities and the applicability of the system in military operations.

An Army source states that the deal is to understand the application of the Starlink constellation in gathering military information. The Army is ready to learn how it can use this technology to track the enemy’s movement, whether using satellites or on the ground. Therefore the deal generally is for the Army to assess the use of SATCOM.

The deputy executive officer of C3T, Joseph Welch, says the Army is eager to replace its outdated tech with a new one that is fast and efficient. He reiterates that the significant challenge is the integration of the tech into the Army movement on the field.

The Army is looking forward to a loose satellite connection. This idea is to ensure they are ahead of the enemy. It is also to ensure they plan for an ambush from the enemy. They hope to find a secure connection with less or no subscription from the public. Welch adds that the previous network connection is full of flaws.

The Army is eager to reinstall a new system with a high-speed transfer of military intelligence. They hope this new system tracks numerous satellites so they can access information. The terminals are going to change so they accommodate the next string of high tech satellites.

Finally, the Army is forging ahead into a vast network that has an interconnection of satellites with an appropriate data entry route. This move is to ensure there is no interception and interruption of data signals by other network users. The U.S. Army is moving with the country’s new policies of rejuvenating its dwindling superiority.

Categories
Energy

Advancements knock on Queensland doors as RES and Energy want to expand 2GW renewable hub

A project termed as the CQP project will be handled by RES and Energy which is meant to bring 2 GW of solar, wind and storage advancements in Queensland.

One of the leading independent renewable energy known globally, RES, has joined forces with Energy Estate to work on the CQP, which intends to provide over 2 GW of wind and solar advancement and new transmission setup.

A quick fact about the Energy Estate Company is that it is a consultative firm and business booster; it targets boosting the revolution of the global energy sector. The two companies have an excellent record of advancing substantial renewable energy projects in Queensland

The idea behind the CQP project is to boost the advancements of an integrated portfolio of purposefully based wind, solar, and energy storage projects at the Fitzroy Energy Zone for up to 10 years. This entails making a reliable and robust supply chain for the renewable energy sector based in Queensland using the natural benefits of the area and the Gladstone port.

The CQP is made in a manner that drives the decarbonization of Gladstone and boosts the energy conversion of heavy industry around that severe area. The energy project needs to be advanced to bring to about a combination of solar, wind and storage proximity to Gladstone, and this will enable a blended mixture that produces a firmed renewable electricity supply that meets the full hour requirement of prevailing heavy industry as well as the community at large, this will fuel the advancement of new sectors like the green hydrogen.

The two companies have been working closely with the main stakeholders in the Gladstone area and the Queensland government as well to boost evolvement.

The CEO of RES Matt Rebbeck highlighted that the two companies were visionary about the central Queensland area. The project at hand will reveal upon the strong points and capabilities of both companies, and it is placed to generate employment, to bring clean energy that is less costly and give room for competition in the areas that heavy industries dwell in hence seizing opportunities for exportation in advancing the energy sector.

The chief advisor of Energy Estate Simon Corbell quoted that areas, where the projects were to take place, is essential to the Gladstone human resource, the employment opportunities will depend on skills that are already existing as they go through advancement, operations and construction, to sum it up the projects are anticipated to generate so many local jobs and entire investment in the projects will put lots of money in the economy.